Individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) have been associated with minimized top quality of oral wellbeing and hygiene, and exhibited a superior prevalence of typically preventable oral circumstances, this kind of as tooth decay and gingival economic downturn, according to research results printed in Neurology and Therapy.

As a multisystem problem characterised by perhaps debilitating motor and nonmotor symptoms, the scientists highlight that oral wellbeing is normally an afterthought for individuals, caregivers, and medical professionals in managing PD.

“The physiopathology of oral issues in clients with PD is complicated and is not completely understood,” observe the scientists. “Patients with PD existing a wide range of oral ailments that can be worsened by xerostomia and sialorrhea. The patients’ bodily restrictions, for instance rigidity and tremor, incorporate to the difficulty of oral care by the normal dental surgeon.”

Searching for to superior comprehend the entire scope of oral wellbeing implications in PD, as very well as to build preventive proof-dependent suggestions for individuals, the researchers performed a systematic review of 14 scientific studies (reported in 16 papers) on the topic. “These included associations among distinct facets of PD and oral cavity ailments, along with any style of treatment method or preventive tactics.”

In finding that folks with PD exhibited reduced high quality of oral wellbeing and hygiene, the evaluate also confirmed that presence of PD was associated with gingival economic downturn, periodontal disorder, dental calculus (tartar), tooth decay, tooth mobility and loss, drooling, xerostomia, dysphagia, and temporomandibular issues.

Notably, the examine authors reported that most experiments available course IV proof, indicating major possible for bias, with 1 research furnishing course II proof. “Despite the reasonably low degree of proof in experiments on oral wellness amid clients with PD, the info retrieved for this systematic assessment allowed us to develop a established of simple rules,” they mentioned.

Addressing standard dental treatment, the scientists endorse:

  • For the duration of neurological consultations, the health practitioner needs to introduce the concern of visits to a dentist
  • Should really the client not have frequent dental appointments, the neurologist must refer this personal to an oral overall health treatment middle
  • Enamel brushing wants to be accomplished frequently and need to be done by alternating the ideal and the still left palms, since rigidity and tremor may perhaps be a lot more disabling in just one limb as PD progresses the client should find out to use both hand for oral cleanliness
  • Individualized instructions concerning oral cleanliness, collectively with chewing and lip workout routines, can make improvements to oral overall health in PD conditions

The researchers moreover offered suggestions for salivation, tooth decay and reduction, peridontal sickness, temporomandibular dysfunction, and burning mouth syndrome.

“Patients with PD have a wide range of oral diseases that require to be prevented, identified, and dealt with,” concluded the analyze authors.


Martimbianco ALC, Prosdocimi FC, Anauate-Netto C, dos Santos EM, Mendes GD, Fragoso YD. Evidence-based tips for the oral overall health of individuals with Parkinson’s sickness. Neurol Ther. Published on line March 18, 2021. doi:10.1007/s40120-021-00237-4